Scientists showcase the potential of demand response in reducing carbon dioxide emissions

Electrical grids are almost always over-dimensioned to meet short surges in energy demand. Put simply, power stations need to have an excess number of generators only to be able to provide electricity during peak hours. This mismatch between power supply and demand and the inefficient operation of power stations lead to higher carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions. Moreover, distributed energy resources such as rooftop solar panels, which are becoming popular, only increases the supply–demand mismatch.

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